With an economic situation out of control, Erdogan yesterday began symbolically provocative naval maneuvers in the Greek maritime space, which put the Greek army on alert and war. By allowing seven warships to be accompanied by the research vessel Orué Reis, Erdogan made a significant gesture by launching a major provocation on a day considered a national embarrassment for Turkey. By defying Greece`s maritime space for the exploration and search for gas deposits, Erdogan is trying to show that Turkey is not weak as it was a hundred years ago, when the treaty was signed, but rather a powerful country capable of advancing its interests. After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, Britain, France, Italy and Greece shared Anatolia and colonized the territory that is now Turkey. But Mustafa Kemal Ataturk reorganized the remnants of the Ottoman army and thwarted this attempt at division with intelligent diplomacy and several years of war. Subsequently, the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923 recognized ataturk`s victory and established the borders of modern Turkey. Lausanne was then part of the country`s fundamental myth. For a while, he even had his own day of celebration, La LausanneR, where the children were dressed in costumes representing the disputed regions of Anatolia for the games of the primary school. However, with the end of the treaty, it is assumed that the “spreading of the message” after a hundred years after the signing has created political tensions between Turkey and some EU countries.
This crucial phase in Turkey`s history confirms a fundamental principle of international politics, namely that facts on the ground shape peace agreements. Turkey`s war of independence changed these facts on the ground, abrogated the Treaty of Sevres and led to peace in Lausanne. One hundred years ago, French, British and Italian officials gathered in a famous porcelain factory southwest of Paris to divide the Ottoman Empire. Signed on August 10, 1920, the Treaty of Sevres ended months of well-diversified negotiations among the victors of the First World War and paved the way for the reshaping of the modern Middle East. It imposed conditions on the defeated Ottomans, widely considered even more punishable than the measures imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versaille earlier this year, and forced the Empire to restore all its claims to the lands of the Middle East and North Africa. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the re-island to China in 1997, in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was officially ceded to China, which included a series of high-ranking Chinese and British personalities. , the head of the new government in Hong Kong Tung Chee Hwa , has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that retains the role of Hong Kong as a major capitalist center in Asia. Turkey could prove to be a challenge for the monopolies of rich energy resources and petrodollars. All these challenges together force the Arabs to look west and Israel, as two new blocs emerge. These two blocs form Russia, China, Iran, Central Asian countries, Turkey and Pakistan. On the other hand, the West is Israel, and now it is time for the Arabs to choose a block, and it seems that they are turning to the Western bloc.
The world after Lausanne has big changes, but the world needs to see how Turkey is doing to achieve its goals and how intelligent its diplomatic channels are, the Western powers will function or will chain the Turks in another treaty for the next 100 years. All eyes are on 2023. Yesterday was the centenary of the signing of the Treaty of Sevres. The Treaty of Sevre dismantled the Ottoman Empire, Greece, Syria and Armenia gaining ancient lost lands, an independent Kurdistan and France, Britain and Italy having areas of influence in the former Ottoman regions.