Lord Justice Jackson recommended the introduction of contingency fees, in part because he considered it desirable that the parties to the trial should have as many financing methods as possible, particularly when CFA success fees and ATE insurance premiums would no longer be reimbursable by the losing party (see “Conditional Fee Agreements (CFA s) / after the event (ATE) insurance”). Initially, the question of whether the DBA regulations preclude such agreements was not without controversy. Some have suggested that it might be possible to have a separate agreement outside the DBA, providing for a reduced hourly rate at the same time as a “No Win No Fee” DBA. We wrote to the Department of Justice to highlight the confusion caused by the regulations in their original form and to ask whether, for political reasons, the regulations were intended to partially exclude CSDs. .