The multimodal transport agreement, signed by the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, Pakistan, India and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf, is called the Ashgabat Agreement. An important topic for the audit of the IAS, Ashgabat Agreement is GS-II (Indian Polity – International Relations.) The Ashgabat Agreement is a multimodal transport agreement between the governments of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and Oman to create an international transport and transit corridor facilitating the transport of goods between Central Asia and the Persian Gulf. [1] [2] The agreement came into force in April 2016. Ashgabat in Turkmenistan is the state of filing of the agreement. [3] [5] The Ashgabat Agreement is a multimodal transport agreement that provides for the creation of an international transport and transit corridor linking Central Asia to the Persian Gulf. The multimodal corridor will consist of road, rail and marine transport. The agreement was originally signed on 25 April 2011 by Iran, Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Qatar then withdrew from the agreement in 2013, the same year Kazakhstan applied for membership, which was finally approved in 2015. [6] [7] Pakistan has also joined the agreement since November 2016. [8] [9] India officially joined in February 2018. [10] The Ashgabat Agreement will also help to ensure India`s energy needs by diversifying the import market. However, India should not limit itself to expanding trade and trade, but should aim to promote investment and services by linking sources of raw materials, production centres and markets between India and the Eurasian region as a whole.

The objective of this agreement is to improve connectivity within the Eurasian region and synchronize it with other transport corridors within the eurasian region, including the North-South International Corridor (INSTC). In 2016, India tabled the accession instrument with Turkmenistan and its accession to the agreement was approved by the founding members of the Ashgabat Agreement on 1 February 2018. The port of Chabahar, Iran, has established a trade link between India and Afghanistan since 2017 without having to cross Pakistani territory. [13] [14] The agreement between the three countries was first signed in 2015. [15] This agreement will also use the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan (TAT) rail line from 2013, the transport corridor between Afghanistan, Turkmenistan and Georgia-Turkey in 2014, the Iran-Turkmenistan-Kazakhstan and TRACECA (Europe-Caucasus-Asia transport corridor), which includes the EU and 14 Eastern European states, the South Caucasus and Central Asia. In March 2016, the Indian government applied for permission to join the agreement. It obtained the approval of the founding members of the agreement before obtaining formal registration on February 3, 2018[11] Over the years, the structure of classroom teaching training has evolved into full multi-channel learning. 2nd Floor, Dainik Bhaskar Building, 25D, Chandigarh, 160014 -7347432666 info@abhimanu.com India`s intention to accede to the Ashgabat Agreement was to synchronize India`s west-look policy in accordance with its Central Asia Connect policy. India`s accession to the agreement would diversify India`s ties to Central Asia and have a positive impact on India`s trade and trade relations with the Central Asian region. In addition to the model network issue, you should also ask questions of type 3-4 prelims.

Thanks to Ashgabat (called Poltoratsk between 1919 and 1927), Turkmenistan`s capital and largest city is located in Central Asia, between the Karakum Desert and the Kopet Dag Mountains. Send an email to support@abhimanu.com with the voice of your email ID and mobileno registered with us! if the details are not retained Are the challenges facing Central Asian countries: the Ashgabat agreement aims to establish an international transport and transit corridor between Iran, Oman, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.